Si wrote:For bikeability youhave to teach what the national standard says, thus although we might have reservations about signalling a left turn major to minor, we still have to tell them to do it if there is other road users to interact with (inc peds sbout to step into the road)
The relevant bit clipped out of the current NS outcomes would be
10.3 The trainee should signal if necessary
What constitutes "necessary" is open to some degree of interpretation, and defining it as having someone there doesn't really cut it for me. Furthermore, we also have
9.2 If they choose to make a signal it must be a clear signal with the arm extended as far from the body as possible, pointing in
the direction they intend to turn, with the palm facing.
9.3 There should also be instances where trainees choose not to signal following good observation. If questioned immediately
afterwards they must be able to explain, justifiably, that there was nobody they needed to signal to.
That's nobody they need
to signal to, not simply "nobody there to
Having said that, of course we do need to see trainees show they are able to make a clear left signal and in a mixed ability class (which in practice is just about all of them) I'd tend to stack the odds in favour of too much signalling over too little.
Of course, for this left turn we tell them to get into primary to stop left hooking, and, indeed, to start it all with a look behind which is not just to let them know what is behind but to tell the following road user that they are about to do something, and create a 'relationship' with that road user. Amazing how many experienced cyclists dont realise the advantage that a good look behind (rather than a 'roadie nod') can give when negociating with traffic. I was doing L3 with year 7 yesterday, down a busy highstreet, WVM trying to push past, my trainee just turned round, gave him her best paddington stare, and suddenly he slowed down and dropped right back, giving her loads of room for the right turn....great stuff
This is all, as you say, great stuff.
For signalling/not signalling I start with folk signalling everything, to show they can, and as we progress through the course introduce the concept of not doing so. However, I need to know that thinking is going on, so not signalling in a lesson requires a shout of "no need to signal" or similar. In practice most of the children tend to go for signalling everything, just in case, and as noted above I'd sooner they do that than not signal enough.
In the Cycling Scotland resources there's the "Safe Cycling Strategy" of COPS
: Control, Observation, Position, Signalling. As I explain to trainees, the last one should really be "Communication" as it can be far more than "this is what I want to do" (beautifully shown by the Paddington Hard Stare example), but we already have a 'C' and COPC
is a bit pants as a catchy mnemonic.